Panth Ratna, Karta Dharta of Singh Sabha Lahore, who inspired Giani Ditt Singh and Bhai Jawahar Singh towards Sikhism, founder of Khalsa Newspaper, Khalsa Press, Khalsa College, founder of Panth Wase Mein Ujhar, Panth Sevak Shriman Bhai Sahib Professor Gurmukh Singh Ji , passed away forever due to cardiac arrest at Kandaghat (Shimla) on 24 September 1898 AD. He was cremated at Kalka and his remains were found at Patalpuri. Bhagat Lachhman Singh now has an emotional comment about the personality of Professor Sahib, “Prof Gurmukh Singh had that passion for Sikh service that hardly anyone else has. He tried to uplift the nation by doing selfless, selfless service, but he never Didn’t even dream of being taller.”
Professor Gurmukh Singh was born on 15 April 1849 in the house of father Bisawa Singh in village Chandra, district Gujranwala.
Kanwar Bikram Singh ji of Kapurthale had a lot of affection with Gurmukh Singh, son of Vasava Singh since childhood. As a result of which Gurmukh Singh was brought up under the supervision of Kanwar Bikram Singh. One of the reasons for this was that Sr. Vasava Singh Kanwar Bikram Singh. He was appointed as servant of G. It was Kanwar Bikram Singh who first gave Gurmukh Singh religious and philosophical education from a sectarian scholar as a child and then admitted him to a school for worldly education. After passing matric, Mr. Kanwar Bikram Singh ji admitted him to Gormint College Lahore for higher studies.
Condition of Gurdwara at the time of Prof. Gurmukh Singh Ji:
Professor of Gurmint College Lahore Mr. J.C. After traveling to Darbar Sahib, Uman has penned down the conditions he has seen so far, they are as follows:
(a) In Darbar Sahib, Brahmins were narrating stories from Hindu scriptures.
(b) Around the shrine of Darbar Sahib, there were men and women with bad behavior, who used to do immoral business in the name of religion and they got all kinds of support from the priests of the Gurdwara.
(c) Passing towards the north side of Prakramas, we saw that a Brahmin was worshiping the small idols of Ganesha and Krishna and another Brahmin was engaged in worship facing the sun.
(S) At the north-eastern corner of Prakraman, on the banks of the lake, there was a temple of Shiva, where the Shiva-linga was being worshipped. This Shiva linga was 4 inches high and rested on a marble plinth.
(h) A Christian preacher was explaining the ‘Purpose of Life’ to the passing pilgrims by giving examples from the Bible near Dhar Bhanjani Beri.
(a) In Prakrama, if we passed a little further, there was a small temple where the idol of the goddess was placed and also the Guru Granth Sahib was illuminated.
(b) Going further, a Brahmin was worshiping in front of the Salgram and holding a photograph of the Badri-Narayan temple. Another Brahmin was decorating the Salgram with tulsi. And Bhai Nahar Singh has stated the reality in his words:
“Bedis, Sodhis, Sahibzades of Gurus, Local Gurus, Jamaats of Sadhus looted the Sikh Panth. All of them became Gurus in their own areas. They used to sit on the same thrones as Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, their feet from Sikhs, Gurus. They used to worship only in the presence of Granth Sahib and used to digest the wealth of worship. Mahants or Nazams started considering thrones, dhams, bugias, deras as their ancestral property. Kuritis became popular and Sikhs were fighting to find a way in the Andhakup. Keeping idols of Ram Krishna in Gurdwaras, discussing the stories of the Puranas and celebrating all Hindu festivals, bowing down to the Guru Granth Sahib like stone idols, including the Sikh Gurus among the ten crore gods of India, Sikhs The rites of marriage, death etc. were also performed according to Hindu customs.
Such conditions had arisen that the existence of the entire Sikh community seemed to be in danger.
The body looked educated but the rites from birth to death were colored in the Brahmin color.
Start of Singh Sabha Movement:
Prof. Gurmukh Singh Chuki was in the company of Kanwar Bikram Singh ji from his childhood due to which he had the privilege of being in the company of Sikh scholars and Sikh thinkers. Kanwar Bikram Singh himself was a proponent of the ideology of Guru Nanak Sahib. He was also a good scholar, Sikh thinker and writer.
Suddenly, the announcement of four Sikh students of the Mission School, Amritsar to convert to Christianity hurt the hearts of such sectarians and they abandoned their indiscretions to bring the Sikh sect out of this black hole. According to the pure principles of Nanak Sahib ji, efforts were made to bring in the form of a ready-made Khalsa. Similarly, a gathering of Panth Hit Sikh thinkers took place on 28 July 1873 AD at Majithia’s Bunge in Amritsar. In this gathering, Baba Khem Singh Bedi, Mr. Thakar Singh Sandhawalia, Kanwar Bikram Singh Kapurthala, Bhai Gyan Singh, Bhai Harsa Singh etc. had reached the highest level. In this unity, an organization called ‘Singh Sabha Amritsar’ was established under the chairmanship of Mr. Thakar Singh Sandhawalia. handed over Being one of the associates of Kanwar Bikram Singh Kapurthala, Professor Gurmukh Singh also joined the members of the Singh Sabha. In each meeting of the Singh Sabha, Prof.
But on the other hand, the organization named ‘Singh Sabha Amritsar’ was not seen to be successful in its purpose.
There was no unity of ideology among the early members of “Singh Sabha Amritsar”.
Mr. Thakur Singh Sandhawalia, who was the president of this council, did not want to keep in touch with the English government of the time. While the other head of the council, Baba Khem Singh, was well-wisher of the British government and wanted to limit the propaganda to that place. Until its own Mahant Shahi Vali Gadi was maintained and had the same status as Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji.
On the other hand, Kanwar Bikram Singh and his companions wanted to propagate Sikhism according to the pure ideology of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. The ideology of Guru Nanak Sahib Ji was to be propagated and these evils spread in the Sikh society were to be removed. This is where the “Singh Sabha Lahore” started when Kanwar Bikram Singh and Prof. Gurmukh Singh Ji were called “Singh Sabha Amritsar”. ” was disappointed with the performance, then it was decided to establish “Singh Sabha Lahore”.
For the establishment of “Singh Sabha Lahore” in 1879, a discussion was held in the Sangat at Gurdwara Janam Asthan Sri Guru Ram Das Ji. Based on the discussion, a committee was formed whose president was Dewan Buta Singh and secretary Bhai Gurmukh Singh. A meeting was held in which the establishment of “Singh Sabha Lahore” was announced.
Due to the inspiration of P. Gurmukh Singh Ji, Singh Sabha Lahore clearly defined its achievable objectives:
1) Propagation of Sikhism in pure form and maximum use of print media for propagation of Gurmat.
2) To publish more and more newspapers and magazines to strengthen Punjabi language and Punjabi literature.
3) In the same context, to make the Sikh community proficient in teaching and writing.
4) To establish Khalsa schools for this purpose.
Prof. Due to the wisdom of Gurmukh Singh Ji, Giani Dit Singh, Bhai Jawahar Singh, Bhai Kanh Singh Nabha, Mr. McAuliffe, etc. were joined in the same source of Gurmat Prachar Prasar. Due to the inspiration of Prof. Gurmukh Singh ji, Giani Dit Singh ji first passed the examination of Giani from Oriental College Lahore and then was appointed as the second teacher of Gurmukhi in the same college. “Khalsa Newspaper” was published, after some time the responsibility was handed over to Giani Dit Singh Ji. Giani Dit Singh Ji became the editor of Khalsa Newspaper.
Prof. Gurmukh Singh ji actually published the first issue of Gurmukhi on 10th November 1880 for the propagation of Punjabi mother tongue and the ideology of Guru Granth Sahib Ji. After this, under the patronage of Singh Sabha Lahore, “Vidyark” mask was published. Published the letter in 1881. Established the “Punjabi Pracharni Sabha Lahore” in 1882 and gave good leadership as its chief advisor.
Due to the propaganda of Prof. Gurmukh Singh and his like-minded colleagues, Singh Sabhas started to be established in every place. Religious awakening started to come in the Sikh community. Prof. Gurmukh Singh ji was well aware of the principles of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji and he spent his life in the struggle to bring out the Sikh community, which was badly caught in the Brahminical net, and paint it in pure Khalsa color. You offered it.
Under the leadership of AAP ji, “Singh Sabha Lahore” became a Gurmat-based and warm-hearted organization. AAP ji’s thinking propagated a clear view of Gurmat ideology. This is the reason why Aap ji’s influential writings and speeches have helped the Sikh community. At the same time, his writings exposed the anti-Gurmat activities of the priests, sodhis, bedis, bhallas, and bavas. Because these people called themselves the descendants of Guru Sahiban ji. In the presence of Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, they used to sit on cushions and do their worship… etc. That is, all four were ahead in doing every karmic incident against Guru Mati.
The people and priests associated with the “Singh Sabha Amritsar” faction were interested in getting their own modesty and maximum respect for themselves from the people. They could not completely reject the Brahmin ideology because they were Brahmin-minded people. Amritsar The leader of the faction, Baba Khem Singh Bedi, used to perform his worship in the presence of Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji by laying high carpets and sitting on the same level as Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji. These people did not want Tat Gurmat to enlighten the Sikh community. This is the reason why the priesthood and the Amritsar faction (Singh Sabha Amritsar) started opposing Prof. Gurmukh Singh ji and his colleagues. was released
These charges were made against you:
1) Prof. Gurmukhi Singh has shown disrespect towards the Ans Bans Bedis, Bhales, Sodhis and Bavis of the Gurus.
2) In a Diwan of the Singh Sabha, he has strongly disrespected the printed picture of 24 incarnations of Hindu gods and goddesses.
3) The Singh Sabha of Lahore has made a Muslim a Singh.
4) Lower caste rats, cobblers and Muslims have been given amrit by mouthing the same bowl.
5) Baba Khem Singh Bedi should not be allowed to sit in the presence of Guru Granth Sahib ji with high cushions.
Alleging this, in 1887, “Singh Sabha Amritsar” and the priests of Takht issued an order to excommunicate P. Gurmukh Singh ji from the panth. Despite this, Prof. Gurmukh Singh ji continued to preach Gurmat by going from place to place through his Gurmat Bhikhana through his writings. It was due to AAP ji’s preaching that the false claims of Nirkaris and Namdharis were rejected by the Singh Sabha Lahore and within the Sikh community. The leadership of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji was established.
Prof. Due to the efforts of Gurmukh Singh Ji, the foundation of “Khalsa College” Amritsar was laid in 1892.
Prof. Due to the efforts of Gurmukh Singh Ji, British officer Max Arthur McAuliffe resigned from the post of District Judge and translated “Aadi Guru Granth Sahib” into English language.
Prof. Looking at the entire life of Gurmukh Singh ji, it is clearly revealed that he was a true believer and an effective Gurmukh personality. He had an immense love for education. Guru Nanak Patshah ji said: Jau Tau Prem Khelan Ka Chau. Siru dijay kani na kije.” The complete explanation of this is found in the life of Aap Ji.
The death of such a great Sikh thinker happened at the time when Rana Sahib Bahadur was returning from Dholpur to seek help for the Khalsa newspaper and other panth works on September 1898. On the way, they stopped at Kanda Ghat, District Shimla due to not being well. On September 24, after completing the work of writing till late at night, he fell into such a deep sleep that he did not wake up again.
Prof. At the time of Gurmukh Singh Ji’s death, this truth was revealed in the Khalsa newspaper:
“Shok hai tere par e Khalsa kom! You did not appreciate him while he was alive, instead of his favors you gave him a certificate of dismissal, on which you will now remember his qualities and cherish them”
A hundred years later, the nation realized that Prof. The order dismissing Gurmukh Singh was withdrawn.
Come, let’s walk on the path found by Prof. Gurmukh Singh ji, the leader of such a true general, the hope of the sect, “Praya Buzhiye So Parwan” and let’s buckle down to realize his far-off dream.