Nankana Sahib, one of the holiest cities of the Sikhs, lies in the region of Sandal Bar – area between the Ravi and the Chenab. Originally known as Rai Bhoi di Talwandi, accredited after an old local Muslim ruler Rai Bhoi, it was this historic town where Baba Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion was born on 15th April 1469 A.D. and spent his childhood days. It is because of different singularly honourific places attached with the memory of the Sat Guru that we find seven Gurdwaras placed at different spots over its length and breadth. We also find in this town three sacred Sikh Shrines, memorial to historic events or happening.
One of the most beautiful and the largest of the Sikh Shrines is the Gurdwara Janamasthan located in the heart of the town. It is built at the spot where Baba Guru Nanak Ji was born. The building with a dome was constructed to commemorate the event during 1819-20 with the approval of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The Parkash Asthan Sahib within its premises marks the spot of the great event.The open verandah in front of Chaukhandi was built by Mahant Sadhuram and it has been given the name of Baradari. The portion
Gurdwara Bal-Lila Sahib
This shrine commemorates the place where Baba Guru Nanak Ji used to play as a child. It is located about 225 metres in the South-east of Gurdwara Janamasthan. There is a ‘Sarover’ in the east of Gurdwara, which was built by Rai Bular and named after Baba Guru Nanak Ji.
Gurdwara Patti Sahib
This sacred Gurdwara stands close to Gurdwara Bal-Lila Sahib. This is the site where First Patshah Guru Nanak Ji was sent to learn Hindi from Pandit Gopal Das and then to learn Sanskrit from Pandit Brij Lal.
Gurdwara Kiara Sahib
This sacred Gurdwara is at a distance of one and a half Kilometres from the Gurdwara Janamasthan and stands close to Gurdwara Mal Ji Sahib. It was built at the sacred site where Guru Nanak Ji’s buffaloes had purportedly damaged the field of a farmer. According to the history, the farmer lodged a complaint with the local ruler Rai Bular.
Gurdwara Maal Ji Sahib
This sacred Gurdwara is located about twenty minutes walk from Gurdwara Janamasthan, on the main road leading towards Sheikhupura. Nankana Railway station lies close to this Shrine.
Gurdwara Tamboo Sahib
Going along the road from Nankana Sahib Railway Station towards the Gurdwara Janamasthan, there is a Gurdwara with a high dome on your right hand, a couple of hundred metres from Gurdwara Janamasthan.
Gurdwara 5th & 6th Patshahi
These Gurdwaras are situated in the town near Gurdwara Tamboo Sahib, on the road leading towards Gurdwara Janamasthan. The Gurdwara of Guru Arjun Dev Ji is without a dome whereas the shrine of the Patshah of Meeri Peeri Guru Hargobind Ji has been built with dome.
Gurdwara Sacha Sauda
In order to engage Guru Nanak Ji in worldly affairs, his father Mehta Kalu, gave him twenty rupees and asked him to start his own business. It is said that he was 18 years of age at that time. Guru Ji along with Baba Mardana set out to do business.
Gurdwara Rorri Sahib
When the armies of Babar entered Punjab, Baba Guru Nanak Ji was present at Eminabad. At the time of capture of this town, many locals were arrested, among whom was Baba Guru Nanak Ji also.
Gurdwara Chakki Sahib
This Gurdwara is situated right in the heart of Eminabad Town. When Pabar had taken Baba Guru Nanak Ji as prisoner along with many other people he was put to hard labour on a millstone.He then himself met Baba Guru Nanak Ji and freed him with dignity and honour.
Gurdwara Bhai Lalo Di
Bhai Lalu, a resident of Eminabad (Saidpur), was a carpenter by caste. Baba Guru Nanak Ji stayed at his house when he came to this area. Here, Guru Nanak Ji declined the invitation of a feast by Bhagu Malik, a typical feudal lord of the area. He thus got annoyed with the Baba Ji
Gurdwara Panja Sahib
Baba Guru Nanak Dev Ji along with Bhai Mardana Ji reached Hasan Abdal at Vesakh Samwat 1578 B.K. corresponding to 1521 A.D., in the summer season. Under a shady cool tree of piple he made his resting place. This is the place, where he stopped a big boulder, rolling down from the hill, with single hand.
Gurdwara Dera Sahib
Gurdwara Dera Sahib is situated close to and opposite of the Lahore Fort. On its other side, adjacent to it is the famous Badshahi Mosque. This is the place where Guru Arjan Dev Ji was martyred, in the River Ravi, after having gone through the atrocities inflicted by Chandu, on 30th May 1606 A.D.
Janamasthan Guru Ram Das Ji
Guru Ram Das ji was born at the site of this Gurdwara, which is located in a famous bazaar of walled Lahore, popularly known as “Chuna Mandi Bazaar”. He was born on 24th September 1534 A.D.
Gurdwara Shaheed Ganj
The historic Gurdwara is situated in the area now known as Naulakha. In the past there used to be a pleasant garden at this place, which was named as ‘Nau-Lakha Bagh’. Although it got annihilated in the times of the Mughals yet the quarters still retain the old name.
Gurdwara Darbar Sahib
Kartarpur, literally “The City of God” in Punjabi, was established by Baba Guru Nanak Ji in 1522. It is situated in the present-day Narowal district of Punjab, Pakistan.
Gurdwara Bhai Joga Singh
Within the locality of the residential quarters of Namakmandi there is a Sikh Gurdwara known after Bhai Jogan Shah (also known as Bhai Joga Singh)